What is ovulation

Ovulation is normally the release of the egg from the sacs called follicle in the ovaries in the middle of each menstrual period. Ovulation tests, which can be done by women at home, are used to determine the day of ovulation and to increase the chance of pregnancy by having a close relationship to this day. In order to understand the mechanism of ovulation tests at home, it is necessary to know how to ovulate and how to cycle each month.

How and when is ovulation (ovulation) and menstrual cycle?
The first day of the menstrual cycle is the beginning of the menstrual cycle and the total menstrual cycle lasts about 1 month. (By menstrual period, the mean is not just the days of bleeding, but an average period of 1 month from the first day of menstruation until the first day of menstruation.) At the beginning of this period, the hormone FSH secreted by the pituitary increases in the brain and allows the egg to grow slowly. This is the most common type of cancer in women, and the second most common type of cancer in women. When it reaches the middle of the menstrual period (IE, 14 days after the menstrual bleeding begins), the FSH and estrogen hormone are elevated, while there is a sudden increase in the secretion of LH hormone from the pituitary gland. This sudden increase in LH hormone (LH piki) is the main mechanism that allows ovulation. Ovulation occurs 24-36 hours after LH increase. Ovulation tests in urine determine this LH increase. Tests in the production of estrogen is also based on the increase. After ovulation, estrogen, FSH, LH hormones are reduced, progesterone hormone begins to increase. After ovulation, the follicle where the egg is found becomes the corpus luteum and progesterone is released from there. If pregnancy does not occur, then the decrease of progesterone will start to Bleed new pieces. If pregnancy occurs, progesterone will provide the continuation of pregnancy within the uterus and will continue to secrete without resentment.

Ovulation (ovulation) test in urine, (LH test)):
The urine test determines the growth of the LH hormone described above. When LH increases in the blood, it also passes into the urine. This test is done every day close to the ovulation day to catch the increase in urine LH. For this reason, those who are regular once a month can take the test every day for 5 days starting at 12 days after the start of menstruation. However, for women whose menstrual periods are different, The time to start testing will vary. For this see the table on the right. For example, the length of the menstrual period i.e. the first day of menstruation until the first day of menstruation other than one for the period starting with the first day of menstruation to count from 35 days to test people 18. they should start the day, test for 5 days. Because in these women, the ovulation will start later. The ovulation occurs approximately 14 days before the menstrual period begins. Women who are very irregular menstruation is difficult to predict the day of ovulation, in these cases you should consult your doctor about when to start the test.

How to use ovulation test (kit) How is it done?
Tests according to the brand may change the way they are made and read. In some cases, the urine is put in the container and the test bar (ovulation kit) is immersed in the urine. In some cases, urine flow is made by holding the test bar. The test’s conduct and reading rules are written in detail in the box of products, you must follow these rules carefully. You should not use the first urine in the morning for the test, this may be misleading. Urine may be used later. Alcohol, tobacco, antibiotics, painkillers, suppositories, etc. it does not affect the test, but drugs such as hormone injections (cracking needles) used for ovulation treatment may affect and mislead the test. If you have a high blood pressure, you may need to have a blood test to check for blood in your urine for signs of a kidney stone, such as: * * * * * * * * * * *

When ovulation test gives positive results:
If the test is positive, the test will be performed on the same day. If the test is positive (positive), it means that there is an increase in the LH level, which means that there will be an ovulation after 24-36 hours. In this case, it will be appropriate to have intercourse 24 hours after you have applied the ovulation test. Because ovulation occurs 24-36 hours after the LH increase and the egg cell can remain alive 24 hours.
The sperm can stay alive for 3 days on average, and the woman’s egg stays alive for 1 day on average. Therefore, even if people do not have intercourse on the day of ovulation, pregnancy may occur. For example, on the 10th of the month, a woman will have an ovulation, even if the 7-8 of the month sperm 3 days can live in the pregnancy may occur. In the same way, even on the 11th of the month, the egg cell can remain alive for 24 hours, pregnancy may occur. For this reason, the woman can conceive each menstrual cycle before ovulation and about 5-day period covering the problem. It is impossible to have intercourse in other days.

Caution: ovulation tests cannot be used as a contraceptive method.
These tests determine the day of ovulation and according to him to determine the days of intercourse and to avoid pregnancy is impossible. Because the sperm and the egg remain alive due to the days of pregnancy is a variable, not a single day. For example, depending on the relationship you have entered before you take the test, you may become pregnant.

Ovulation tests with saliva:
These tests, as described above, are based on determining the day of ovulation due to the increasing estrogen hormone in the middle of the menstrual period. Urinary tests are not as useful and are not so common.

Detection of ovulation (ovulation) by blood analysis or ultrasonography:
The pituitary gland is responsible for the production of the hormone thyroxine (T4) and the production of the thyroxine (T3), which is responsible for the production of the hormone thyroxine (T4). Instead, ultrasonography shows that the ovulation is approaching. Ovulation occurs when the egg (follicle) size is approximately 18-20 mm. In addition, 1 week after the day of ovulation (number 21. with the determination of height in the progesterone measurement done in the blood, it is determined that the month is ovulation in the necessary cases. Sometimes, ultrasonography performed shortly after ovulation in the abdomen due to fluid detection and ovulation can be seen in the region, but this is not always possible